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Kyoto is located on the island of Honshu, at the southern end of Biwasjøen.Distance southwest to the neighboring city of Osaka is around 50 km – and Kyoto are largely grown along with Osaka.The city has a population of almost 1.5 million (2006).
Kyoto is considered as a center for Japanese art, and the city is particularly famous for its silk weaving and the manufacture of porcelain, silver, enamel, etc. – which have a huge market both in Japan and internationally.Silk weaving factories can trace its history back to when Kyoto was founded in 794 ADKr. The city, which bears a certain touch of Chinese influence, from its founding to 1868 – that is over 1000 years – Japan’s capital and the residence of the imperial family.
Kyoto is also known as one of the main centers of banking and finance, but is also a key utdanningsby with several universities – including Kyoto University and Doshisha University (both founded in the latter part of the 1800s), and several Buddhist universities.
Among the architectural wonders of the city there are several old beautiful building in a traditional Japanese style – including Old Imperial Palace. Also Nijo Castle from 1603 should be mentioned, which is one of Japan’s most famous castles of this period.
Otherwise, the many preserved temples in Japan’s biggest tourist attractions. They are part of the historic Kyoto, which in its entirety was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994. Among the main attractions are the shintoistiske Kamo-wakeikazuchi Temple from 678 ADKr., The Buddhist temples, Kiyomizu-dera from 1633 (dating back to 700 AD), Daigoji from 952 and Kinkauji (“Golden Pavilion”) from 1397 – in addition to the wonderful moss park Saihoji. Kyoto also incorporate a number of interesting museums and other cultural institutions.
What many people probably first and foremost connects Kyoto with today is the so-called Kyoto Protocol on the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions (adopted in 1997).
The nearest international airport is Kansai International Airport outside Osaka, which is approx. 110 km southwest of Kyoto.