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Oslo (formerly Christiania Christiania) is the capital of Norway , and also the name of a municipality and a county.Oslo has approximately 607,300 inhabitants (2011), while 1.5 million live in the Oslo region. Central administrative and political institutions as parliament, government offices, the Supreme Court, the Royal Palace and most other national public bodies located in Oslo.
According to Snorri’s sagas of Oslo was founded by King Harald Hardrada around the year 1050. Some archaeological excavations in recent times has shown that there have been people here earlier than the year 1000. The government was thus assured historical basis, when Oslo was celebrating its 1000th anniversary in 2000. In 1314 took over the Oslo status as the national capital after Bergen .As a result of a great fire in 1624, the town was moved a short distance to the west and landscaped at Akershus Castle and Fortress named Christiania, while the original Oslo retained its name as an area outside the city. The city expansion in 1859 was incorporated into Oslo suburb of Christiania, and from 1925 the Oslo left the city’s name.
It was King Haakon 5 Magnusson, who had been the Duke over most of eastern and had seat in Oslo, which began construction of the Akershus Fortress – after he became king in 1299.Later Akershus also made to the royal residence. Håkon 5 Magnusson also put in motion a series of other construction activities (including Maria Church). During his reign, the city expanded tremendously.
Oslo has many attractions to offer. Some of the best known and most popular visitor destination is – in addition to Akershus Castle and Fortress – Holmenkollen (the world’s most famous ski slope), City Hall (especially because the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded there) and Frogner Park with Oslo City Museum and the impressive Vigeland Sculpture Park – a huge sculpture park designed by Norway’s most famous sculptor, Gustav Vigeland.
Otherwise, the Munch Museum in Tøyen mentioned, where one can see the most famous works by Edvard Munch, and the National Gallery, the modernistic and stunning Opera House in Bjørvika, the Royal Palace and the Parliament building. The latter is located at the city’s parade street, Karl Johan, ranging from the castle to Oslo Central Station.
An area slightly off center which contains a fix attractions, Bygdøy. Here is the Henie Onstad Art Centre, Kon Tiki Museum, the Norwegian Folk Museum (Bygdøy), Maritime Museum and the Viking Ship Museum.
Nearest international airport is Oslo Airport, Gardermoen , located 48 km north of Oslo