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Munich is the capital of the southern German state of Bavaria and one of Germany’s most influential cities.It is located on the River Isar, and has about 1.3 million inhabitants (2010). Munich is an important samferdelsknutepunkt – and also has a diverse industry. Traditionally, the city has been known for its beer production and its cultural life. Tourism is today an important industry.
Munich was officially founded in 1158, but already had a couple of centuries been inhabited by monks from the monastery of Tegernsee. During the medieval fortified Munich’s position as a trading center, particularly with regard to the sale of art and craft products.
Many of Munich’s sights are concentrated around the Marienplatz square. Here is example Neues Rathaus (New Town Hall) – built in the late 1800s in a Gothic Revival style and column Mariensaule. Nearby is the Altes Rathaus (Old Town Hall) from the Middle Ages, with its beautiful towers. The building now houses a toy museum.
Other historical attractions is the former royal palace Alter Hof, where the oldest parts are from the 1200s. Also the big Frauenkirche from 1271 also mentioned. The church was extended in the late 1400s with two 99 meter high tower. Otherwise, these historical buildings mentioned – most of 1600 – and 1700’s: Theatinerkirche and St. John Nepomuk Kirche – and castles Residenz and Nymphenburg. There are also a number of magnificent buildings from the 1800s in Munich – including Glyptothek Staatsgalerie and Propylän, all located at Königsplatz.
Cultural Munich has obviously also a number of museums, art galleries, theaters and concert halls to offer – and there are also a number of major cultural events in the city, including the annual, world-famous “Oktoberfest”.
Many people know that one of Germany’s best football team of all time, FC Bayern Munich, has its home here. They play their home games at the new “Allianz Arena” – a giant stadium with seating for 66,000 spectators.
The nearest airport is Munich Franz Josef Strauss Airport, located 38 km northeast of the city.